The history of card games
The first playing cards originated in East Asia. Before the paper cards, Japanese and Chinese players used flat plates made of wood. In India, playing cards had a round shape – Ganjif. In Japan, mussel shells were used as playing cards, on which domestic scenes and seasons were applied. In the 15th century, baccarat arose in Italy, blackjack in the 18th century in France, and the progenitor of modern club poker in the 19th century in New Orleans.
The history of slot machines
The first slot machine was invented by Charles August Fey, and it happened in 1897. It was a mechanical slot machine with three reels, called the “Liberty Bell”. The maximum win on this machine was only 50 cents. In 1964, the company Bally Manufacturing released an electromechanical slot “Money Honey”, which could boast sound design and lighting. In 1975, the Fortune Coin video game was released, the creators of which were Walt Fraley and his friend. In 1976, International Game Technology acquired the company that produced the game Fortune Coin, which soon enabled it to become the second largest slot machine manufacturer in the world.
In Europe, casinos acquired legal status in 1638. In Venice, in the church of San Moise, the private room Il Ridotto was opened, the activity of which was to control the gambling during the big spring carnival. In 1765, a gambling house began working in France with tables with a roulette, which served to replenish the treasury of King Louis XIV. The first gaming establishments began to open in the United States at the end of the 18th century, and at the beginning of the 19th century, gambling was played on steamboats and vessels passing along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. By the 20th century, Monte-Carlo, Las Vegas and Atlantic City became the centers of the American gambling industry.
The first virtual casino was InterCasino, which opened in 1995. In 1996, Playtech launched the Europa Casino online casino, and a year later, the first virtual bookmaker office started operating. Online progressive jackpot machines appeared in 1998. In 2003, in the UK, the efforts of Microgaming and Cryptologic appeared the international non-profit organization eCOGRA, the purpose of which was to unite the providers of gambling under a single standard.